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Fourth Industrial Revolution… and what were the other 3?

In general, it is very common to know about the (first) Industrial Revolution, the moment in history when humanity took a tremendous leap in production. If there has only been one industrial revolution, how is it possible that we are already in the fourth? The truth is that there have been 3 moments considered as industrial revolutions, each as important as the last.

The First Industrial Revolution, which we refer to simply as the Industrial Revolution, is the best known of all. Although it initially occurred in Great Britain, it took place in the United States and Europe during the period from 1760 to 1820 or 1840. It was characterized mainly by exchanging manual labor for machines, which led to a tree economic and population.

For the first time, factories, mostly textiles, used mechanization methods on the production line. Britain, the most powerful country in the world at the time, far led the charge in manufacturing innovation and technology processes. Much of this innovation was based on steam and water machines to keep the production line running.

And although the date the first industrial revolution ended is still debated, it is generally accepted that by the end of the 1830s the world economy slowed down. There was a crisis that lasted until the early 1840s and continued in this way until 1870.

1870 is precisely the moment in which the Second Industrial Revolution begins. Although technologies such as the telegraph and the steam train existed before the revolution, new processes in metallurgical production allowed them to be adopted more massively. In the same way, and thanks to new means of communication and transportation, the world reached a new globalization.

This period of growth had its end in 1914, just with the start of the First World War. Due to the long period of wars and tension between 1914 and 1945, economic growth was not much and technological advances were thought more about their military than civil uses.

More than 50 years would pass before the Third Industrial Revolution, more commonly known as the Digital Revolution, arrived. Its beginnings take place in the second half of the XNUMXth century, although there is no precise date. Its main change occurs in going from mechanical and analog processes to digital processes. This, in turn, led to the proliferation of computers.

This digital revolution is not over, that is, we are still living it and it has no end date. But the Fourth Revolution is based, in part, on the use of technologies that have been developed during the Third, so the boundaries between one and the other are rather blurred.

These are some of the characteristics of the previous 3 Industrial Revolutions:

MAIN PHOTOGRAPHYAnt Rozetsky on Unsplash
Sebastian Romero Torres
Philosopher by training and inveterate geek. Lover of video games, technology, music and space.

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